U. Jaroll. Golden State Baptist College.

Evidence-based medicine can be seen as a combination of three skills by which practitioners become aware of effective 1mg requip, critically analyze generic requip 0.25 mg line, and then apply the best avail- able evidence from the medical research literature for the care of individual patients buy discount requip 0.5 mg on line. Reference Heights and Weights Use of Reference Heights and Weights Reference heights and weights are useful when more specificity about body size and nutrient requirements are needed than that provided by life stage categories buy requip 2mg low price. This El Salvador, Brazil, the risk of acquiring severe pollution might increase the prevalence of diarrhoeal and leptospirosis is four times higher for residents of favelas intestinal parasitic infections. All need to be t a ke n for seve ral we e ks befo re the full benefits become appare nt ,a n d even then up to a t h i rd of p at i e nts do not re s p o n d. Take crystals, varnish, eglantine, borax, gum tragacanth, and camphor with a little bit of white lead. It should be noted that this latter pattern is that for human milk and so it is derived quite differently compared to that for the other age groups. Wearing protective clothing (gloves, masks) when handling reproductive tissues (assisting delivery of newborn animals). A vector-borne disease, commonly Endemic in tropical regions of Eastern Rift Valley fever transmitted by mosquitoes. History-taking skills: Students should be able to obtain, document, and present an age-appropriate medical history, including: • Ask the patient if he or she uses tobacco. Child > 12 years Child < 2 years Child 2-12 years and adult 1 part of 25% lotion 1 part of 25% lotion Undiluted Preparation + + 25% lotion 3 parts of water 1 part of water 12 hours (6 hours Contact time 24 hours 24 hours in children < 6 months) – Apply the lotion to the whole body, including scalp, postauricular areas, palms and soles. Peter Mansfeld showed how the radio signals could be mathematically analyzed, which made it possible to develop a useful imaging technique. This includes both the short and long term as well as the more urgent aspects of immediate care. Medical science had proofs: Professor of Therapeutics, Dr W Carter, found that seeds of any kind germinate better in water than in alcohol, ergo, alcohol was injurious to the vital- 165 ity of protoplasm, it killed life. Recognize the importance of and demonstrate a commitment to the utilization of other healthcare professionals in the treatment of dysuria. Patients who are above this weight tend to have a scan with an attenuation artefact and this can lead to non-diagnostic studies with low dose imaging. Genomics is information technology; shut down the computers, and modern cell biology rapidly grinds to a halt. Jaundice (yellowing of eyes or skin) may be present in adults but it is uncommon in young children. The effectiveness and compli¬ of randomized trials of aspirin in this situa¬ Treatment. Lancet Infect of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Infuenza; Bautista E, Chotpitayasu- Dis 2011; 11:372–380 nondh T, Gao Z, et al: Clinical aspects of pandemic 2009 infuenza 120. Recreational Cyborgs Cyborgs will be everywhere around us including a new generation of hipsters who implant devices and technologies in their bodies just to look better or have new functionalities. Improving bedding, cage space and providing more varied food and making environments more interesting could come under this heading. While those people with the lowest socio-economic status were more likely to smoke and consume alcohol at risky quantities, the proportion of daily smoking declined for this group from 22% in 2010 5 to 19. Atavaquone pro incubation period and >90% of affected travelers guanil associated with fewest side effects. Bufalari A, Giustozzi G, Moggi L: Postoperative intraabdominal therapy is associated with improved outcome against sepsis due abscesses: Percutaneous versus surgical treatment. Ovidi Nasonis, Amores, Medicamina faciei femineae, Ars amatoris, Remedia  Notes to Pages – amoris, ed. Thus, it can be challenging to stay on top of all the varieties of illicit drugs adolescents are currently Unfortunately, word using. For example, patients may be selected for a particular therapy, the risk factor in this case, because they are sicker or less sick, which then cause differences in outcomes that result. By protecting from spills they also save a lot of time by guarding against the necessity of clothing and bed linen changes. Oral medications may need to be taken for 6 to 8 weeks for severe or recurring problems. Coli, available on the Health Protection Surveillance Centre’s website at http://www. Exclusion: Staff or pupils with infuenza should remain Symptoms Infuenza Common Cold at home for 5 days from when their symptoms began. Monitoring and surveillance Regular inspection of sentinel herds (small ruminant herds located in geographically representative areas) in high risk areas such as locations where mosquito activity is likely to be greatest (e. The patients’ portion of the bill will be predetermined, based on their unique health insurance coverage (which is part of each pa- tient’s computer file). As popula- tions age, increasing numbers of elderly people are being diagnosed as hypertensive and requiring treatment. Clinical features This condition is usually asymptomatic and chronic, Complications although hyperparathyroidism may cause vague bone Acuteseverehypercalcaemiamaycauseseizures,abdom- pains. Royal College Outlook 2:1 in an intergenerational training or practice environment, it can Spring; 8–10. Differential diagnosis: Students should be able to generate a differential diagnosis recognizing specific history, physical exam, and laboratory findings that suggest a specific etiology of dysuria. The translation of the promise of science into reality – from personalised medicine to better quality of life – will not be effective if there is not a proper understanding among patients. When effects are fixed, for example when comparing an inexperienced observer and an experienced observer, the approach used to compare different methods, described below, should be used. It is now expanding rapidly within the medical community, with significant benefits to patients. Setting the Scene for the The conference was held in Bonn, 3–7 December 2012, and aimed, in particular, to: Next Decade • Indicate gaps in current approaches to radiation protection in medicine; • Identify tools for improving radiation protection in medicine; • Review advances, challenges and opportunities in the field of radiation protection in medicine; Proceedings of an • Assess the impact of the International Action Plan for the International Conference Radiation Protection of Patients, in order to prepare new international recommendations, taking into account newer 3–7 December 2012 developments. The confidence interval tells you the range within which the true value of the result is likely to lie with 95% confidence. This delayed emptying effect also results in reduced postprandial blood glucose con- centrations. There is a perception that man-made objects ought not to fail, while if there is a natu- ral disaster it is God’s will. Cysteine L-Cysteine, a dispensable amino acid, is formed metabolically from L-methionine and L-serine. Additional practical aquaculture biosecurity measures include: - Good farm hygiene (e. Validation 265 data must be generated under a protocol approved by the sponsor following current good 266 manufacturing practices with the description of methodology of each validation characteristic 14 267 and predetermined and justified acceptance criteria, using qualified instrumentation. His inner instinct, college experiences, and the background of his mother always led him to believe he would follow his passion and become a teacher.

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As Darwin argued requip 1mg amex, when microevolutionary processes are continued over long time periods buy cheap requip 2mg, they can eventually lead to macroevolution generic requip 0.5mg with mastercard. For care of the teeth and prevention of bad breath discount requip 1mg with mastercard, there are five different recipes. Stitch Tail (36"- 48") Cut 2",3",4",6",12" Wide Dressing For triangle bandages: Cut a triangle 55” across the base and from 36-40 inches along the sides. For improved circulation, peripheral intravenous access or intraosseus access can be used for fuid resuscitation and inotrope infusion when a central line is not available. This analysis A fourth-year resident would like to lease a new car but allows you to assess whether your life and disability doesn’t know if they can afford it. Once absorbed into the colon cells, butyrate can be used as an energy source by colonocytes (Roediger, 1982); acetate and propionate travel through the portal vein to the liver, where propionate is then utilized by the liver. Review of biological factors relevant to import risk assessments for epizootic ulcerative syndrome (Aphanomyces invadans). The preferred method for debridement is to cut along one side of a muscle group in strips or blocks and not piecemeal a. Stage of Change Action Step  Promote being more physically active by discussing its health benefits, Precontemplation emphasizing the pros of changing their behavior, and helping work (Patient has no intention to be physically through the cons of being more physically active. The differential diagnosis, pathophysiology, and typical presentations of the common causes of cutaneous infections: • Impetigo. If you are nimble with your weak hand and can change sides on the patient you can get by with one or the other of the pair and save money and weight. There are three steps to early diagnosis that must be achieved in a time-sen- sitive manner and coordinated: (i) awareness and accessing care; (ii) clinical evaluation, diagnosis and staging; and (iii) access to treatment. We always thought that the problem was how genes become altered in the cancer cell, but actually it is even more complex than that and also involves the way genes direct how they are read; it is the fow of information that comes from genes to the making of their proteins which is as important as the aberration of the genome. This story was posted on an internet preparedness forum and is a reflection on what might be possible in a major long term collapse. This beneft should be appli- and none was individually powered for mortality, with very cable to patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Sex r Lower socioeconomic class, lower education level and F>M cessation of smoking. Applications of nano particles in drug delivery, protein and peptide delivery, cancer are explained. If you are taking an aspirin a day for heart attack risk/angina prevention switching to 1 tsp of willow bark made into 1 cup of tea daily provides the same protection. Five per cent carrier rate in Far East; 1–2% in Mediter- Fatty change is seen in the hepatocytes, with little active ranean. If someone who has not had chickenpox in the past touches the fluid from the shingles blisters they may Yes, if blisters cannot be get chickenpox. However, it is important to set targets appropriate to the individual and in consultation with him or her. Adverse liver reactions are often mentioned in these product labels (package inserts) as a part of the prescribing information. For example, raising water levels in warm, dry weather may prevent the death of bacteria-harbouring fish and aquatic invertebrates. To properly clean footwear and equipment: First use a brush to clean off organic material e. The effects of isocaloric exchange of dietary starch and sucrose on glucose tolerance, plasma insulin and serum lipids in man. In Clinical features the absence of obstruction hypoxia may result from Superficial infections appear as a cellulitis (redness, drugs causing respiratory depression, infection, pul- warmth, swelling and tenderness) around the wound monary embolism or exacerbation of pre-existing margin, there may be associated lymphadenopathy. Laboratory studies show: Hemoglobin 10 g/dL Leukocyte count 11,000/mm3 with a normal differential Mean corpuscular volume 106 µm3 Serum K+ 4. The macro- nutrients and their role in health are discussed in Chapter 3, as well as in Chapters 5 through 11. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable. The normal anatomy of the mitral valve prevents pro- lapse thus one or more anomalies must be present: ex- Management cessively large mitral valve leaflets, an enlarged mitral r Mild mitral regurgitation in the absence of symptoms annulus, abnormally long chordae or disordered pap- is managed conservatively, more severe disease with illary muscle contraction. Rate >3 months of abdominal pain relieved with defe amount of stool in each quadrant from 0 3. This ultrasound physics principle is called the piezoelectric effect (pressure electricity). Only you and your doctor can determine the medication that best fits into your treatment and recovery plan. Information technology can enable physicians to be in continuous contact with their entire practice panels, not merely those who identify themselves as “sick” at a given moment. Accipe pulegium puluerizatum et in saccello ponatur qui in tantuma longus et latus fiat, ut utraque pudibundab ligari possint, quemc patiens ferred debet super uuluam ad fluxuume prohibitionem, et priusquamf ligaturg debeth ad ignem calefieri, ut confortenturi tam anus quam uulua. Ensur- tive and compelling Signifcantly modifed from: The Emergency Cardiovascular Care ing effectiveness of community- Committees of the American wide emergency cardiac care. Alongside these statutory controls, researchers and scientists are striving to promote animal welfare through a culture of care. These same principles of physiology, pathology, and appro- priate therapeutic intervention guide the rest of the text. Radium (Ra–226) was used from the beginning, both for teletherapy and as im- plants in brachytherapy. Type b If you think your child Symptoms has Hib: Your child may have a fever with any of these conditions. When ranges of intakes do not share the same letter, they are significantly different (p < 0. Psycholgical intervention and health outcomes among women treated for breast cancer; a review of stress pathways and biological mediators. Nitrogen balance studies in humans: Long-term ef- fect of high nitrogen intake on nitrogen accretion. It includes four or sometimes five parts: r the patient r the intervention r the comparison 4 Based on: W. Wild adds that error reporting is the first step in locating the gaps in the medical system and fixing them. Chapter 7: Disorders of cranial and peripheral nerves 341 Lateral cord C5 Posterior cord C6 Musculocutaneous C7 nerve C8 Radial nerve T1 Median nerve Ulnar nerve Medial cord Figure 7. This includes toilets (potty chairs), sinks, mouthed toys, and diaper changing areas. If the practice is justified and the protection optimised, the dose in the patient will be as low as is compatible with the medical purposes” (para.

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Yet wetlands are at particular risk of emerging and re-emerging diseases due to a number of specific attributes: Their association with high population densities of people purchase 0.5mg requip with mastercard, agriculture including aquaculture purchase 0.25mg requip, and industry trusted 0.5 mg requip; Pollution from the above buy requip 0.5mg on line; Sites providing interfaces between livestock, wildlife and people; Having been subject to substantial habitat modification; Sites rarely being isolated, instead usually being connected within catchments; Trade; The high diversity of host taxa; The high proportions of invasive alien species with their associated parasites; and The specific impacts of climate change on wetlands, their hosts, vectors and pathogens. Geographic distribution Frequent reports of affected waterfowl in North America but also occurs in South America, Antarctica, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia. If the image quality is appropriately specified by the user, and suited to the clinical task, there will be a reduction in patient dose for most patients. There may be very different prognoses for patients at these various stages of the illness. Secondly, the dose does not have to be adjusted gradually – at least not to the same degree – according to the patient’s age, hepatic status and renal function, a time-consuming process. This approach considers the health, social and economic consequences of drug use on both the individual and the community as a whole and is based on the following considerations: • Use of drugs, whether licit or illicit, is a part of society, • Drug use occurs across a continuum, from occasional use to dependent use, • A range of harms are associated with different types and patterns of drug use, • Response to these harms can use a range of methodologies. In 1629 Cardinal Richelieu gave the same advice to the French monarch, who also hated smokers. The endogenous glucose production rate in a postabsorptive state correlates very well with the esti- mated size of the brain from birth to adult life. This data set, used to estimate the current energy recommendations, can be used to refine other existing communicated recommendations or guidelines developed by other orga- nizations and agencies. The close contact in some sports can allow infections to spread by direct skin-to-skin contact, inhalation of infected droplets or aerosols, or injuries resulting in breaks to the skin which disrupt the body’s natural defence mechanism. Fox cites Carlson as an example of the demedicalisation tend- ency, which runs opposite to the professional medicalisation of life. We therefore accept no liability for the accessibility or contents of such websites and no liability for damages that may arise as a result of the use of such content. Staff dose monitoring Another point to be considered is the improvement of staff dose monitoring, especially in operating rooms. Support people to recover from dependence and reintegrate with the community Supporting people to recover from dependence and reintegrate with the community, can result in people ceasing or reducing their drug use. The fact that their refusal is based in moral or religious or referring a patient for a therapeutic abortion, prescribing beliefs would not constitute a defence. He divided the babies into three groups: normal birthweight babies, low birthweight pre-term (< 36 weeks gestation) babies, and low birthweight term babies. Conversely, most biotic diseases have a defined geographical range determined by the range of the pathogen, host or vector. One female was pregnant and lactating and was included in both the Pregnant and Lactating catego- ries. In Victorian England, human weaknesses, especially when indulged in by the working class, were seen as a threat to the accumulation of capital. Recognize the importance of and demonstrate a commitment to the utilization of other health care professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of <>. Prophylactic use of macrolide antibiotics for the prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation: a meta-analysis. Also the materials do not cope well on load bearing teeth surfaces but it does provide an alternative to extraction and may work well for years. The group supports a fundraising event each year where cyclists bike up and down Alpe d’Huez in the French Alps six times in one day. Wherever possible, data should be analysed by sex, geographic location, ethnicity and socioeconomic status to allow inequalities in cancer care to be detected and addressed. Diversity The Office for Diversity assists Mayo Clinic Education in the recruitment and retention of minority students and helps create an open and welcoming environment for students, faculty, and staff. The reader is responsible for evaluating the accu- racy and truthfulness of graphic representations of the data. Cancer is a frightening disease, but with the assiduous and wise use of natural healing methods such as urine therapy, proper nutrition, herbs, rest, homeopathic remedies, etc. Potential Functional Fibers for food labeling include isolated, nondigestible plant (e. Further, the risk of haemorrhagic stroke affected only people with a very low cholesterol concentration and, even in this group, the risk was outweighed by the benefits from the reduced risk of coronary heart disease. Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C http://www. Filling in Sometimes patients will invent parts of the history because they cannot recall what actually happened. The majority of those cases may be missing from the surveillance system because of poor access to health care, underreporting, and misclassifca- tion. Acute lower respiratory infection, mostly pneumonia, is the leading cause of childhood mortality, accounting for about 4 million deaths per year in low income countries. It is less sedative than chlorpromazine but produces more extrapyramidal symptoms. Brandeau, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Manage- ment Science and Engineering of Stanford University. The long-term impact of Johnson & Johnson’s Health los Andes, Corporation de Universidades Centro de Bogota, & Wellness Program on employee health risks. For this reason, recommendations about the desirable composition of energy sources must be based on either short-term trials that address specific health or disease endpoints, or surrogate markers (biomarkers) that cor- relate well with these endpoints. Rather, they will rely on voluntary decisions by consumers based on Leapfrog’s comparative information. Patients develop itchy or painful, erythematous scaling lesions between the Clinical features toes. Other disease control measures such as foot and mouth disease fences have had an impact on the incidence of anthrax, keeping population densities high in some susceptible regions allowing the disease to become endemic and causing regular outbreaks. Patient demand, fueled by substantial media attention, was a major force in promoting rapid adoption of these procedures. Congenital malformations of the kidney are not uncom- r Oligonephronic renal hypoplasia (also called oligo- monly found on antenatal screening and in newborns. Physical conditions such as vision and manual dexterity, motivational level to actively participate in care, and family/social circumstances all play roles in the decision-making process. There are not only technological but also bio- logical constraints on the size of the reactor vessel: The big- ger a fermenter is, the more difficult it becomes to create uni- form conditions around all the cells within it. Maternal and child undernutrition: Consequences for adult health and human capital. Justification will be dealt with in much greater detail in other aspects of this conference. Some teens may give in to the urging of drug-using friends to share the experience with them. Cancer diagnosis requires access to different services and facilities that must be integrated and coordinated through established referral mechanisms (6).

Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men requip 2mg sale. But as for certain truth buy requip 2mg lowest price, no man has known it 0.25 mg requip free shipping, for all is but a woven web of guesses purchase 0.5mg requip with visa. According to the Surgeon General’s 2006 Report, The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke, involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risks of heart disease and lung cancer in people who have never 20 smoked by 25–30 percent and 20–30 percent, respectively. Toward Precision Medicine: Building a Knowledge Network for Biomedical Research and a New Taxonomy of Disease 90 ethnicity, and identity. On Swelling of the Feet [] Sometimes it happens that the feet are swollen due to pain of the womb. New equations for estimating body fat mass in pregnancy from body density or total body water. Variabil- ity in the incidence of human immunodefciency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infection among young injecting drug users in New York city. Impact on Health Systems The ability to use genetic information to guide and craft therapy will become a key differentiator of hospitals and health centers within the next decade, much as open-heart surgery was during the 1970s. Tel: 0404 68400 South Western Area Health Board y Dublin South City Carnegie Building, 1-25 Lord Edward St, Dublin 2. For example, women presenting with symptoms related to breast or cervical cancer may avoid clinical assessment because of the absence of a trained female health-care practitioner to do their clinical assessment. Clinical epidemiological quality in molecular genetic research: the need for methodological standards. Example MabThera: A good example of a highly effective chimeric an- hope for patients with tibody is the Roche product MabThera/Rituxan lymphoma (rituximab). Adenocarcinoma of the kidney, which arises from the r Polymyalgia-like symptoms with aching proximal renal tubular epithelium. Limiting the use of injectable drugs Numerous patients demand treatment with injectable drugs, which they imagine to be more effective. There is, as yet, insufficient evidence to justify using metabolic syndrome as an additional risk prediction tool (63, 64). The street retail value of 182 Coercive medicine a kilo of cocaine in New York City fell from $650,000 in 1980 138 to $50,000 in the 1990s. Effect on humans African animal trypanosomes are not known to be zoonotic so health impacts are negligible but they are of concern in wildlife tourism areas where rare cases in wildlife can occur. The rate at which amino acids contribute to energy generation is fairly constant and does not increase nearly as much as glucose and fatty acid oxidation during periods of physical exertion. Burial of carcases This is the often a preferred method of disposal as it is relatively easy to organise, quick, inexpensive, has potentially fewer immediate environmental hazards and it is a convenient means of disposing of large numbers of carcases. Few medical schools a survey examining resident physician satisfaction both within have wellness programs to support their faculty, not only in and outside of residency training and mental health in Alberta. By integrating patient genotype with health information and outcomes data a New Taxonomy could identify many new genetic variants with significant implications for health care. Animal production & health paper - guidelines for coordinated human and animal brucellosis surveillance (2003) http://www. For reasons I do not clearly understand, many physicians are “allergic” to mathematics. The available evidence suggests that there is no significant delayed damage, that the majority of these infections will spontaneously clear or the child will show up with persistent symptoms and be treated at a later time. Interval data such as blood pressure is usually considered to be normally distributed and measured on a continuous scale. Let the herbs be ground and let the oil be poured in and mixed upon the fire, and when it is exceedingly hot, strain the oil and place it again upon the fire, and when it begins to boil let the wax be added. All potential information sources are reviewed by an in-house team of information experts and clinicians and external experts to assess quality and clinical usefulness prior to being included. A monthly continuing medical education session at the hospital or local medical society and periodic visits from pharmaceutical salespeople are the principal conduits of new knowledge to most practicing physicians. However, it is still unclear whether such experiences reflect pre-existing conditions, triggered by ecstasy or if the use of the substance is the cause of the problems. Where to go for Further Assistance and Advice 309 Appendices 315 iii Foreword Perhaps there are no better settings to illustrate the importance of a ‘One World, One Health’ approach than within wetlands. L Cornaro, How to live for a hundred years and avoid disease, Oxford: Alden Press, 1935. Testing threshold Probability of disease above which we should test before initiating treatment for that disease, and below which we should neither treat nor test. The ad hoc Committee will use the workshop results in its deliberations as it develops recommendations for a framework in a consensus report. Medium-chain saturated fatty acids (C8:0 and C10:0) are absorbed and transported bound to albumin as free fatty acids in the portal circulation and cleared by the liver. Frataxin appears to pro- oresce with Wood’s light, shagreen patches – rough- tect against oxidative damage particularly in the brain, ened patches of skin, amelanotic naevi, angiofibromas heart and pancreas. The logistics and practicalities of their implementation should be explicit or sources of this information should be provided. Some of the decay products, principally the radium isotopes Ra–228 and Ra–224, escape from the colloidal particles and deposit in the skeleton. Previous illnesses including operations and psychi- r transoesophageal echocardiography for infective atric illnesses. Integration of radiation protection and safety It is important to include radiation protection and safety plans in management control systems in hospitals. Thus, the normal metabolic adapta- tion to a lack of dietary protein, as occurs in a starving person in whom the protein metabolized is in excess of that lost daily, is to provide the glucose required by the brain. Dietary fibre and 10-year mortality from coronary heart disease, cancer, and all causes. Animal experiments must use the simplest possible,or least sentient, species of animal. Illicit supply of drugs includes drugs that are prohibited, such as cannabis, heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine, and those diverted from legitimate use, such as pharmaceuticals. A forty year old diabetic man presents with history of sudden onset of pain in right loin which radiates towards right iliac fossa. In a meta-analysis of non-diabetic subjects, those with the highest blood glucose levels had a relative risk for cardiovascular disease events of 1. The 3Rs call for the replacement of animals by non-animal methods where possible;the reduction of numbers to the minimum necessary to obtain valid results where replacement is not possible, and refinement of all procedures to minimise adverse effects. When this is not possible, the differences in route of exposure are noted as a source of uncertainty. Diets containing soluble oat extracts improve glucose and insulin responses of moderately hypercholesterolemic men and women. Hospital boards must be more willing than in the past to function as the spine of their organizations. Aetiology The causes of thrombosis can be considered according Clinical features to Virkhow’s triad: The result of a pulmonary embolism depends on the size r Disruptioninbloodflowparticularlystasis:Prolonged and number of the emboli. Control measures in place for outbreak areas include: disinfection of contaminated soil, chlorination of affected waters, quarantine of epidemic areas, removal and disposal of infected carcases and depopulation of any captive flocks. Number of Number of Number of District & sub-district vaccinated buffaloes breeders vaccinated cows Suk Ash-Shuyook 6448 412 - Al-Taar 1488 62 - Al-Aslah 1479 51 846 Al-Cidaynoweya 617 28 - Al-Fuhood 2232 81 - Al-Chibayish 3783 252 60 Al-Hammar 1290 44 85 Karamatt Bani Saeyid 994 81 238 Results The following results were obtained from the vaccination campaign: Improved conditions and help in controlling haemorrhagic septicaemia in the visited villages; Increased health awareness of Iraqi buffalo breeders; Creation of a trusting relationship between the citizens and Nature Iraq; Motivated the veterinary centres in Thi-Qar to contribute to increasing veterinary awareness for the people; Stopped the disease’s migration from an infected area, and entrusted stewardship of the environment to the local people.

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